3 edition of Potential constraints on cumulative global production of chlorofluorocarbons found in the catalog.
Potential constraints on cumulative global production of chlorofluorocarbons
W. E. Mooz
|Statement||William E. Mooz, Kathleen A. Wolf, Frank Camm ; prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.|
|Contributions||Wolf, Kathleen A., Camm, Frank A., 1949-, United States. Environmental Protection Agency., Rand Corporation.|
|LC Classifications||HD9660.F562 M66 1986|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 69 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||69|
|LC Control Number||86010010|
The pattern of global and United States production of CFCs is shown in Figure Production of the rest of the world is obtained by subtracting US production from global production ﬁgures. World production of CFCs rose from metric tons in to , metric tons in (Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Study, ). The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the zone Layer (and its later versions) called for the phasing out of both chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and bromofluorocarbons (BFCs).Specifically, the treaty called for the discontinuation of production of CFCs and some related compounds (e.g., carbon tetrachloride and methyl chloroform) by January 1,
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) are gases used for various purposes including solvents,refrigerants and aerosol are organic chemicals and contain carbon, (sometimes hydrogen,) chlorine, and were much used in the middle 20th century, replacing chemicals that were toxic or flammable or had other problems. In , Sweden became the first country that banned CFC products. chlorofluorocarbons chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) DIF: 1 OBJ: The natural heat-trapping ability of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in the atmosphere is known as the _____. ANS: greenhouse effect DIF: 1 OBJ:
DoD, GSA, and NASA are issuing a final rule amending the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) to implement Executive branch policy in the President's Climate Action Plan to procure, when feasible, alternatives to high global warming potential (GWP) hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). This final rule will. Production and use of chlorofluorocarbons are being phased out under international agreements to protect the ozone layer, which reduces the amount of ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth's surface. This report summarizes the status of the chlorofluorocarbon industry and the applications of .
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Mooz, W.E. Potential constraints on cumulative global production of chlorofluorocarbons. Santa Monica, CA. Observers have suggested a wide range of potential supply constraints, two of which could have a significant effect on long-run cumulative emissions: (1) regulation-induced disincentives to invest in new CFC production capacity, and (2) natural limits on the economic availability of the fluorine used to manufacture CFCs.
Presents estimates of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and precursor chemical production for the historical periodand projections for production in the absence of policy action.
Examines effects on producing industries of limiting CFC emissions under a mandatory control strategy and various economic incentives strategies. Potential constraints on cumulative global production of chlorofluorocarbons. Prepared for the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency. Santa Monica, Calif., Rand, 69 p. HDFM66 The effect of chlorofluorocarbons on the ozone layer: hearing before the Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight of the.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are fully or partly halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons that contain only carbon (C), hydrogen (H), chlorine (Cl), and fluorine (F), produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and are also commonly known by the DuPont brand name Freon.
The most common representative is dichlorodifluoromethane (R or Freon). John Willoughby, in Plant Engineer's Reference Book (Second Edition), Chlorofluorocarbons. Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs used to be used in the manufacture of a range of plastic insulants, including polyurethanes, phenolics, polyisocyanurates and extruded polystyrenes.
CFCs are the main cause of the hole in the ozone layer. The Montreal Protocol called for the. chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Organic compounds made up of atoms of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
An example is Freon (CCl2F2), used as a refrigerant in refrigerators and air conditioners and in making plastics such as Styrofoam. Browse Global Production available here online.
Browse global production on sale. Global Production in stock. Buy Global Production on eBay now. Sony Mcx - $2, Sustainable Potato Production Global Case Studies English Hardcover Book Free Global Risk-based - $ Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs): Health Information Summary Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are a group of colorless, non combustible liquids, also known as Freons.
CFCs have been used as refrigerants, propellants in aerosols, metal degreasers, i n fire extinguishers, and as a dry cleaning solvent. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are to blame for global warming since the s and not carbon dioxide, according to new research from the University.
Start studying Chlorofluorocarbons. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. out of the production of CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals. As a result of Rowland and Molina’s. work, humans for the first time realized that their activities could affect Earth’s environment on a planetary scale.
As Molina says today, “It doesn’t matter where CFCs are emitted. It is a global problem. The Global Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) Market Research Report Forecast is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists. It provides the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) industry overview with growth analysis and historical & futuristic cost, revenue, demand and supply data (as applicable).
Use of Chlorofluorocarbons in Hydrology: A Guidebook [International Atomic Energy Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are nontoxic, nonflammable chemicals containing atoms of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine. They are used in the manufacture of aerosol sprays, blowing agents for foams and packing materials, as solvents, and as refrigerants.
CFCs are classified as halocarbons, a class of compounds that contain atoms of carbon and. Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs (also known as Freon) are non-toxic, non-flammable and non-carcinogenic.
They contain fluorine atoms, carbon atoms and chlorine atoms. The 5 main CFCs include CFC (trichlorofluoromethane - CFCl 3), CFC (dichloro-difluoromethane - CF 2 Cl 2), CFC (trichloro-trifluoroethane - C 2 F 3 Cl 3), CFC A paper published in an obscure physics journal by the University of Waterloo's Qing-Bin Lu () has drawn quite a bit of media attention for blaming global warming not on carbon dioxide, but rather on chlorofluorocarbons (CFC s, which are also greenhouse gas es).
However, there are numerous fundamental flaws in the paper, which is based almost entirely on correlation (not causation) and. Atmospheric Environment Vol. 27A. 4, pp.~/93 $+ Printed in Great Britain. Pergamon Press Ltd GLOBAL WARMING FROM CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS AND THEIR ALTERNATIVES: TIME SCALES OF CHEMISTRY AND CLIMATE MALCOLM K.
Ko, NIEN OAK SZE and GYULA MOLNAR Atmospheric and Environmental Research Inc., Memorial Drive. Define chlorofluorocarbon. chlorofluorocarbon synonyms, chlorofluorocarbon pronunciation, chlorofluorocarbon translation, English dictionary definition of chlorofluorocarbon.
and fluorine, once used widely as aerosol propellants and refrigerants. Volatile chlorofluorocarbons are believed to cause depletion of the atmospheric ozone layer.
Chlorofluorocarbons, also known as CFCs, consist of chemical compounds made up of chlorine, fluorine and carbon. CFCs are particularly harmful when released into the atmosphere because of their destructive reaction with O-zone particles, which provide the Earth with a. One estimate is that every chlorine atom in the stratosphere destroysozone atoms before the chlorine is converted to an unreactive form.
Chlorofluorocarbons trap more heat in the atmosphere per molecule than other substances. The global warming potential of CFC is times that of CO 2!CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are a class of chemicals that contain only atoms of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
As a group, they are unreactive, stable, and poorly soluble in water. Commercially, the most important CFCs were derivatives of methane and ethane.The world production of CFCs reachedtonnes in (Crutzen ), after growing at an average rate of about 9 per cent in the s (Molina and Rowland ).
The total production of CFCs and halons amounted to 1, tonnes inbefore falling to .